1. What is a project?
Organizations perform many different processes. If these processes are of high strategic importance, comprehensive and relatively unique, they cannot be performed efficiently by the line organization. Temporary organizations, i.e. projects or programs, are necessary. The decision, whether a business process is to be performed by a project or a program, has to be taken in the specific organizational context.
Definition: A project is a temporary organization to perform a relatively unique, short-term to medium-term, strategically important business process of medium scope.